How does parenting style affect a child?

How does parenting style affect a child?

Parents choose their parenting style based on many circumstances. The nature and characteristics of the personality of the parents, family history and number of family members, the presence or absence of education, socio-economic status best double stroller with car seat, cultural landscape and national traditions affect the life of the family and the growing up of children.

Parents, as a rule, repeat the style of upbringing in which they were raised themselves, or vice versa – they do their best to get away from it and not repeat the mistakes of their own parents. But all moms and dads always have the opportunity to come up consciously to the solution of the problem and choose the way of raising children that will bring the greatest benefit to the child.

Parenting Effects on Children: What Is Your Parenting Style? | Psychology Today

What is the difference?

Parenting styles can be distinguished from one another by the distribution of two criteria: control over the child’s behavior and attention to him, as well as by those feelings that adults experience in relation to their son or daughter. For example, parents can love a child very much, allow him to do whatever he wants, that is, not control at all, or, on the contrary, continuously monitor all his actions.

There are usually 4 main styles of parenting.

Authoritarian style

In such families, parents dominate. They set authoritarian rules and never change them. The child does not participate in discussions, as he does not have the right to vote. Parents demand from him complete submission. The main thing in the family is the power of the parents, both or, more often, one of them.

Moreover, such parents love their child. They try to give him the best and do everything for him. But in the relationship between family members, there is not enough warmth, closeness, affection, empathetic acceptance and tender attitude to the needs of the child. Often the desires and feelings of the child himself are not accepted and even rejected. His opinion is not taken into account.

As a rule, anxious parents prefer this style of parenting. They strive to reduce their inner anxiety, so they want to control and subjugate everything. Often this style of child rearing is used by parents who had a difficult childhood, they themselves were brought up harshly. They usually have a dominant and domineering character.

With this style of upbringing, a child can grow up lacking in initiative, passive. He will not be able to make decisions on his own without focusing on someone else’s authority. In families with an authoritarian parenting style, any child’s leadership qualities are suppressed. These children are at high risk of developing addictive behavior.

How parenting styles and behaviour affect your child

Liberal style

In a family with a liberal parenting style, the child is the center of attention. Parents fulfill all his desires, completely trust him, while freeing themselves from responsibility for the result. The child grows up in an atmosphere of permissiveness and complete freedom of action. Parents treat him with extraordinary warmth and accept all his emotions.

The level of control in such a family is very low. Parents cannot work out specific requirements and organize the control process. In such conditions, the child does not know what “it is necessary” and does not fulfill almost any requirements when they arise. He often commands, manipulates and dominates parents and other relatives.

With such children, problems almost always arise in teams, in kindergarten and at school. They often cause conflicts with peers and teachers. These children do not have a system of guidelines and values. With this style of parenting, children grow up anxious, because they do not have a stable sphere of rules and regulations – they do not know how to do it right. Basically, such children are impulsive, they are prone to disobedience, aggressiveness. They can be easily influenced by antisocial groups.

The presence of parents in the operating room reduces anxiety in children

Most children are not fully aware of the risks involved in undergoing surgery, but despite this it is common for them to feel nervous and restless during the pre-operative period. At the end of the day, this is an unfamiliar situation that can be very intimidating, especially if you have to face it alone.

This was contrasted by a study carried out at the Complutense University of Madrid where the level of anxiety was evaluated in 129 child patients between the ages of 2 and 16 who underwent major outpatient surgery. These researchers found that, as in adults, anxiety prior to surgery increases in children as the time for surgery approaches.

They experience the most stressful moment when they must separate from their parents to enter the pre-operative period. But, what would happen if parents were to accompany their children during the pre-operative period? Would the children feel calmer and more relaxed before going into surgery? Science says yes.

The effects on children of having their parents close before entering the operating room

An investigation carried out at Dartmouth College analyzed the effect of the presence of parents during the induction of anesthesia in pediatric patients just before undergoing neurosurgical intervention. The results showed that parental involvement in the procedure helped create an environment of trust and security, both in their children and in themselves, while reducing anxiety and improving the children’s experience during the medical procedure.

The researchers explained that this is due to the reassuring effect that parents often have on their children, who see them as a protective figure that provides them with support and confidence. In fact, having parents close by before undergoing surgery not only calms children but also helps them gain confidence and courage, which is reflected in a faster recovery. This was corroborated by a study carried out at the Doctor Peset University Hospital in Valencia.

In this study, in which 40 children who had to undergo ear, nose or throat surgery participated, the effect of the presence of parents during the induction of anesthesia was evaluated. For this, the researchers formed two groups: in one of them they allowed the participation of the parents during the induction of anesthesia, while in the other, the procedure was performed in the absence of the parents.

According to the results, for 65% of the children whose parents participated in the induction of anesthesia, the procedure flowed easily and there was little resistance from the children, compared to 25% of the children whose parents were absent. Furthermore, 35% of children whose parents did not participate in the procedure experienced traumatic induction. This reveals that the presence of the parents during the induction of anesthesia improves the results of the procedure, increasing its effectiveness and reducing the risk of suffering trauma, while promoting a more satisfactory post-operative recovery.…